The Hindu tradition does not draw a clear line separating natural sciences from the humanities. Everything is seen as part of knowledge (Veda).

Navaratna Rajaram

As noted in an earlier article, the Hindu philosophic tradition does not separate the natural sciences from the humanities and even philosopy.. The same was true of the West until the nineteenth century. Such great thinkers as Rene Descartes. They called the natural sciences like physics, natural philosophy. Newton for example called his great work Pricipia Mathematica Philosophia Naturalis, meaning “mathematical principles of natural philosophy.” In it he considered sciences like mechanics, astronomy, gravitation theory and also optics (in a separate work.) He went on to create the necessary mathematics, which led to what we now call the Calculus but Newton called Theory of Fluxions. But Newton used mainly geometric methods, and it was left to Laplace a century later to describe Newtonian Gravitation and related theories using Calculus and create what he called Mecanique Celeste (celestial mechanics), which is how it is taught and  studied today. Continue reading “JNANA-AND-VIJNANA”

World according to Krishna


A brief discourse on the background to the contributions of Purushottama

Navaratna Rajaram


About the creator
Dr. Navaratna Rajaram is an internationally known scholar who has attained distinction for his contributions in several disciplines, in science and technology as well as history and philosophy. In keeping with this varied background, Rajaram believes that the separation of science and humanities is superficial and both are part of Veda (knowledge) What we call physics is only philosophy of nature or natural philosophy as termed by Isaac Newton among others.

We can do no better than see how the peerless thinker and activist Sri Krishna lived and acted five thousand years ago. Though worshipped as an avatar of God Vishnu, he acted and lived his life as a human and claimed no divine powers. He is known therefore as purushottama, the best of men. Though a great teacher, he was an activist. So his teaching was no book knowledge which he possessed in abundance, but acquired as the result of his vast experience as a warrior, statesman and diplomat. Continue reading “World according to Krishna”